As oil became an increasingly important source of revenue for Kuwait, our forefathers realized its potential to promote the sustainable development and welfare of the Kuwaiti people for generations to come. Among those was HH Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah (1950-1965) who in February 1953, established the Kuwait Investment Board (KIB) headquartered in the City of London with a mandate to invest surplus oil revenue and reduce Kuwait’s reliance on a single finite resource.

Following the birth of Kuwait as an independent sovereign nation in 1961, a modern investment paradigm was introduced to ensure the sustainable growth of a young nation including the basic investment principles that would later become the Future Generations Fund.​ A few years later, in 1965, Kuwait adopted a policy of diversification of assets and portfolios which lead to the KIB being replaced by the Kuwait Investment Office (KIO).

In 1976, the Amir of Kuwait, HH Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah issued a decree creating the Reserve Fund for Future Generations (FGF) as the intergenerational saving platform for the State of Kuwait by allocating a minimum of ten percent of the State’s annual revenues to this platform.

As Kuwait continued to grow as a nation, a new mechanism was developed to manage all of the state’s reserve funds. The Kuwait Investment Authority (KIA) was then established in 1982 as KIO’s parent organization. KIA’s main functions include managing the State’s Reserve, the FGF and any other funds entrusted to the KIA by the Minister of Finance.

Stemming from this rich history, KIA continues working to safeguard the financial wealth of Kuwait’s current and future generations by diversifying revenue streams and ensuring a fiscally sustainable and secure future.

Board & Management

Board of Directors

KIA is managed by its Board of Directors that is composed of the Minister of Finance, as Chairman, the Minister of Oil, the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Finance and the Governor of the Central Bank, as well as five other Kuwaiti members specialized in various fields of investment who are appointed by an Amiri Decree for a four-year term and can be re-appointed. At least three of the members should not hold any public office.

Executive Management

Ghanem Suleiman Al-Ghenaiman

Managing Director

Abdulmohsen Almukhaizeem

President and CEO

KIO – London

Abdulaziz Alhudaib

Acting Executive Director

Planning & Senior Management Support

Nael Alhomoud

Acting Executive Director

Operations & Administration

Hadeel Boukhadour

Acting Executive Director

Alternative Investments

Huda Almousa

Acting Executive Director

General Reserves

Sarah Al-Sane

Acting Executive Director

Marketable Securities

Abdulrazaq Al-Buaijan

Chief Representative

KIO – Shanghai

Omar Alamiri

Acting President

Debt Settlement Office

Barrak Al-Mubaraki

Acting Director

Board of Directors Office

Waleed Alansari

Acting Director

Legal Affairs

Rasha Almelhem

Acting Director

Internal Audit Office

Governance & Transparency


KIA is an independent public authority established in Kuwait and managed by its Board of Directors. The Board has complete independence in its decision making process and is responsible for long-term asset allocation and overall performance; while the executive management formulates and executes investment strategies.

KIA’s assets and performance are presented to the Kuwait National Assembly in an annual special session on the State’s Financials.


KIA’s accounts are reviewed, audited, and approved by an external audit firm. In addition, KIA is required by law to submit semi-annual statements of its assets under management to the independent State Audit Bureau. KIA presents an annual statement of its accounts to the Council of Ministers (Kuwait’s Cabinet) and it presents an annual statement of its accounts to the National Assembly (Kuwait’s Parliament). KIA appears before various committees at the parliament on a periodic basis to discuss KIA’s performance. KIA’s Board of Directors has an Audit Committee, with members from the private sector representative of the Board.

KIA’s Board Audit Committee and Internal Audit Office assess the effectiveness of the internal control systems for safeguarding company assets and investment portfolios, and review the integrity of the financial reporting process.

As an independent public authority, the KIA complies with the rules and regulations of Kuwait’s Civil Services Commission and Ministry of Finance controllers.

Risk Management

KIA’s Risk and Performance Unit, which reports directly to the Managing Director, is responsible for conducting performance and risk analysis, identifying and communicating performance and risk issues to senior management as well as developing an understanding of performance and risk within KIA’s investment sectors, and investigating data irregularities.


Kuwait Investment Authority manages its funds on behalf of the people of Kuwait – current citizens and future generations. KIA’s investments are completely transparent to the State of Kuwait, as presented in a detailed annual report to the Council of Ministers on assets under management and performance as well as the National Assembly at least annually during a parliamentary session on the State’s Financial Situation.

Though KIA reports its annual performance directly to Government and to the National Assembly, it is the responsibility of all to protect the integrity of the portfolio.

Law No. 47 of 1982 regarding the establishment of KIA has select clauses related to dissemination of information. Clause 8 prohibits the disclosure to the public of any information related to KIA’s work. Clause 9 states the penalties for unauthorized disclosure of information to the public.

International Offices

Kuwait Investment Office – London

Established as the Kuwait Investment Board in February 1953 and later reorganized into the Kuwait Investment Office (KIO) in 1965. KIO’s foundation predates the independence of the modern State of Kuwait. HH Sheikh Abdullah Al Salem, the Amir of Kuwait, at the time had the vision to build a fund for the future of all Kuwaitis. At the time, KIO was the first and only sovereign wealth fund in the world.

In the years that followed a focus on asset allocation and diversification into new geographies, expanding beyond the United Kingdom to include the United States, Asia and select Emerging Markets. ​​​​

In 1976, the Future Generations Fund (FGF) Amiri decree was passed which is the most important event in the history of the KIO after its establishment. With that law, a minimum of 10% of the State of Kuwait’s revenues are transferred to the FGF. This created a constant flow of funds to the FGF which helped grow it over the years.

The KIO played a pivotal role during the first Gulf War in 1990 and the liberation and reconstruction efforts that followed; acting as the Ministry of Finance for the government in exile. As state assets were frozen, KIO organized the transfer of funds globally and to the Kuwaiti Government, in exile, in Saudi Arabia.

KIO Today

Located in the City of London, KIO is a global investor in one of the world’s leading financial centers with access to markets, financial institutions, and industry leaders and experts.

KIO’s mission statement is focused on 3 elements:

  • Manage that portion of the Future Generations Fund entrusted to it by the State of Kuwait
  • Preserve the funds capital and achieve a fair return over the long term by exceeding and outperforming its benchmark
  • Continuously evolve KIO’s reputation as an expert and progressive institution that invests in the international financial markets

In addition, KIO has a strong focus on not only investing the future generations fund of Kuwait but also developing the future generations of Kuwait. KIO’s team of professionals include highly skilled Kuwaitis who play an important role in managing the assets of the FGF.

KIO’s team of investment professional all based in London are split into various asset classes and invests directly in: equities, fixed income and alternatives including infrastructure and real estate across the globe.

Kuwait Investment Office – Shanghai

KIA realized the importance of investing in China and the Far East. During a visit to China that was held in 2009 by His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, the Amir of Kuwait, the KIA signed agreements that laid the groundwork for such investments. One of which saw the establishment of Kuwait Investment Authority’s first ever representative office in Beijing. This office was a gateway to expanding KIA’s investment throughout China.

Further to KIA opening a representative office in Beijing in 2011, during the second visit of His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, the Amir of Kuwait, the KIA has upgraded its structure with a Wholly Foreign-Owned Enterprise (WOFE) license. Becoming the second overseas investment office after Kuwait Investment Office – London, dated back to 1953, the Kuwait Investment Office established an office in Shanghai in 2018.

As part of a joint effort to be actively involved in regional investment opportunities, KIA aims to further expand the depth and width of the investment horizon in China and Asia Pacific areas. Furthermore, the relocation of the office from Beijing to Shanghai reflects KIA’s belief to the increasingly importance of Shanghai as a global financial center.

Our Values

Our values define who we are as an organisation and what makes us distinctive.


We realize our duty in honoring our commitment to preserve and grow the assets with which the Kuwaiti people have entrusted us with. We conduct business with utmost honesty and remain vigilant about the interests of the organization and the State of Kuwait​.


We honor our Code of Conduct as exemplary standards for professional behavior, prudence and take a considered approach to managing risks. Accordingly, our staff members are highly encouraged to devise the appropriate benchmarks, set realistic targets, and be responsible for their actions.


KIA aims to create an environment that will nurture and develop the leaders of tomorrow so as to enable them to produce the best management practice and tactics in all sectors of the economy.​


We encourage individuals and teams to gather input from those with different knowledge and opinions, across all levels, as we are aware that knowledge is essential for maximizing investment returns in a constantly changing global economy.


We foster teamwork among our employees to swiftly and efficiently deliver innovative new products and to capitalize on the diversity and creativity of our global staff.

Santiago Principles

In April 2009, Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWF) from around the world met in Kuwait City where KIA was able to lead a consensus for strengthening the community through dialogue, research and self-assessment culminating in signature of the Kuwait Declaration.

The Declaration led to the establishment of the International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds (IFSWF), which enshrined the practice of voluntary implementation and endorsement of the Santiago Principles. The Santiago Principles are 24 Generally Accepted Principles and Practices for sovereign wealth funds. The Principles are designed to promote good governance, accountability, transparency and prudent investment practices whilst encouraging a more open dialogue and deeper understanding of SWF activities.

Below are KIA’s Self-Assessment reports available for download:

One Planet SWF Initiative

The One Planet Sovereign Wealth Fund Working Group was established at the inaugural One Planet Summit on December 12th, 2017 in Paris composed of six founding Sovereign Wealth Funds members including the Kuwait Investment Authority.

The initiative’s mission is to work on integrating climate change risks and investing in the smooth transition to a low emissions economy

In July 2018, the One Planet Sovereign Wealth Fund Working Group (OPSWF) Framework was published, consisting of a set of principles to guide efforts to further integrate climate change analysis into large, long-term and diversified asset pools.